4 Types of Residential Air Conditioning Units
Due to the harsh summer months in Philadelphia, it is not uncommon for homeowners and their families to have a difficult time making thru this season without the best air conditioner systems possible. Because these systems play a vital role in the safety and the comfort of the entire family, it is important that everyone becomes familiar with what is available on the market today. Having said that, here are 4 of the different types of residential air conditioning units available and a brief description of each.
- The Split Systems
If you are looking for an HVAC unit that is commonly used in many U.S. homes today, you should start by looking at Split Systems. The split systems have been designed with a variety of functionalities including an evaporator coil that removes the heat and moisture from the air via a cabinet that is encased inside the home. This unit serves a two-fold purpose because it pumps cold air while also release heat between the coils. With this indoor component being connected by networks of ducts, the cold air can blow throughout the home effortlessly. Also, sharing a central furnace for heating the home, it is considered one of the most economical and feasible to install.
- Heat Pumps
The heat pumps system can be described as a modified version of the split system. This is because its function is similar to the design of the split system. In particular, since it drives the hot air out in the hot season, while also absorbing the cold air. It is also important to note that these systems are usually not a viable option in areas where there is ice and freezing cold weather since it renders this functionality inactive.
Some manufacturers are also offering specialized heat pumps for those who want access to ground source energy. These specialized systems are presently called geothermal pump systems. While these systems can be advantageous for some, it does not come without an added cost of about 40% more than the traditional heating systems.
- Ductless Mini-Split System
For homes that do not contain ductwork, the ductless mini-split system is often the best fit. Just like the split system capabilities, these systems combine both the outdoor compressor with the condenser along with at least one indoor air handling units. Once these elements (indoor and outdoor units) are connected via tubing, the refrigerant is circulated between them. One of the best benefits of this ductless mini-split system is that it does not require tampering with the walls in the home. Each room control can also be independently run.
- The Packaged Central Air conditioner
The packaged central air conditioner system can be described as an all in one air conditioner unit. This is especially true because it has been designed as a single unit that contains a compressor, evaporator and a condenser. You may see this air conditioning unit in at least one of two places, on top of the roof or on a concrete slab. These systems are often found in commercial facilities and will eliminate the need for a separate heating unit, in specific cases like being combined with a natural gas furnace source.
When reviewing each system for their merits, it is important to focus on the quality and the durability of each option. Though many homeowners may not lean toward choosing the one with the heftiest investment, there are several factors that must be considered well in advance. Specifically, as it relates to energy savings, cost of repairs and the overall energy efficiency of operating for the long run.